Dog breeding can be quite complex, especially when it comes to designer dogs like the Labradoodle. Whereas pure breed crossings require two dogs of the same pure breed, designer dogs like the Labradoodle require two different pure breeds. When it comes to Labradoodle puppies, there are a number of different crossings to choose from, each with their own pros and cons.
What is a First Generation Labradoodle?
As you probably already know, a designer dog is the result of crossing two pure breeds. In the case of the Labradoodle, it is a cross between purebred Labrador Retriever and a purebred Poodle. When it comes to the actual crossing of these two breeds, however, it is not always a 50/50 split and certain crossings will not result in a true Labradoodle. Before you start shopping for Labradoodle puppies you should learn the basics about designer dog genetics so you can decide whether you want a first-generation Labradoodle, a multi-generation Labradoodle, or something else entirely.
When you cross a purebred Labrador Retriever with a purebred Poodle, the result is a first-generation Labradoodle – these are identified with the letters F1. An F1 Labradoodle receives 50% of its genetics from the Labrador Retriever parent and the other 50% from the Poodle parent. When an F1 Labradoodle is bred to either a purebred Poodle or a purebred Labrador Retriever, it is called an F1B dog. Breeding two Labradoodles together will create a second-generation Labradoodle, known as F2. A multi-generation Labradoodle is the result of breeding a first-generation Labradoodle with an F1B.
Which Type of Labradoodle is Right for You?
The most important thing you need to realize about designer dog genetics is that it is impossible to make any exact predictions about what the puppies will be like. When you breed two dogs of the same pure breed together you can expect the puppies to be very similar to the parents. With designer dogs, however, there is no guarantee which genes the puppies will inherit from either parent – it could be the best of both dogs, the worst of both, or a combination of the two. Although you cannot say for sure exactly how Labradoodle puppies will turn out, there are some things that seem to be true. For example, first-generation Labradoodles tend to have shaggy or wavy coats – they rarely have curly coats. For F1B Labradoodles, however, coat length and texture can vary greatly – they also vary greatly in color.
Second-generation (F2) Labradoodles have equal parts Poodle and Labrador Retriever genetics so they have traits very similar to first-generation Labradoodles. Multi-generation Labradoodles, on the other hand, are less predictable. Technically, a multi-generation Labradoodle is any Labradoodle third generation or higher, so it could possess a variety of traits from either side. The most common type of Labradoodle is the F1B because they are the most likely to have hypoallergenic coats. Multi-generation Labradoodles can still be largely non-shedding, though you never really know until the puppies are born what kind of coat they will have.
While you cannot predict exactly what a designer dog like the Labradoodle will be like in terms of its personality and temperament, certain genetic crossings have a higher likelihood for possessing certain traits. Before deciding which type of Labradoodle to get, take the time to determine which traits are most important to you and then choose the type of Labradoodle that is most likely to possess those traits.
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